Instructions for Authors
Authors should conform to the following notes when producing submissions:
Submission of manuscripts
Submission of manuscript implies that it has not been published previously, and it is not being considered
contemporaneously for publication elsewhere, and if accepted it will not be published elsewhere in the same form,
in English or any other language, without the written consent of the publisher. Submission of multi-authored
manuscript implies the consent of all participating authors. Manuscripts should be written in English, and submitted
in electronic format only via email. All manuscripts should be submitted to the Chief Editors Professor F.R.Hall or
Professor M. Mihsein at the following email address: IJES@wlv.ac.uk
Manuscripts are restricted to 8 pages long, including diagrams and references. Internet editions can include hot-links
to animations/software/multi-media presentations etc. in order to add to the interactivity and to aid learning and
All authors must sign the 'Transfer of Copyright' agreement before the article can be published. This transfer agreement
enables the publishers to protect the copyright material for the authors, but does not relinquish the author's proprietary
rights. The copyright transfer covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article including reprints,
photographic reproduction, microfilm or any other reproductions of similar nature and translations. It also includes the
right to adapt the article for use in conjunction with computer systems and programs, including reproduction or
publication in machine-readable form and incorporation in retrieval systems. Authors are responsible for obtaining from
the copyright holder permission to reproduce any figures for which copyright exists.
Style of submission
Language: All manuscripts should be written in standard English grammar.
Title Page: The first page of each manuscript should include the title, the names and affiliations of the authors, and
the full contact details of the one author who will be responsible for the paper. The contact address should include an
E-mail address of the principal author.
Abstract: An abstract of no more than 150 words should be provided.
General: Manuscripts should be typewritten in 12-point font (Times New Roman), single-spaced on one side of the page.
The page setup should be A4 (21cm x 29.7cm) with margins of 2.5cm at the top and bottom, and 3cm at the left and right
hand sides should be used. The manuscript should start by the title followed by the names and corresponding address of
authors, followed by an abstract of no more than 150 words, then followed by the main body of manuscript.
Section numbering: Sections should be assigned a number (1,2,3,etc), with subsections limited to one decimal number
(1.1,1.2,1.3,etc). Further subdivisions should be identified by an italic heading only.
Footnotes: Footnotes should be avoided if possible. If footnotes are required, then they should be placed at the bottom
of the appropriate page.
References: References should be cited at the appropriate point in the text by numbers in square brackets. A list of all
references, in numerical order, should appear at the end of the paper. All references in this list should be in the
Harvard format and should be indicated at some point in the text and vice versa. Examples of the layout for references
are given below:
Johns R. Designing two station flexible manufacturing system. Computer Aided Design. Vol. 10 No.1. PP140-160.
Smith.A, Johns.S. On-line monitoring of a manufacturing cell. Proceedings of int. Conference on applications of
Virtual Reality in Engineering, 1998. Editors, United Kingdom, Wolverhampton. PP131-152.
Figures, Tables and Illustrations: Figures, tables and illustrations should be included at the appropriate place to
clarify the text and aid the reader. They should be assigned with appropriate numbers (e.g. Figure 1) and an explanatory
caption. If an Internet illustration is included, then the web address of the illustration should be inserted at the
correct place. This will enable such illustration to be executed remotely.